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Pituitary & adrenal disorders

Pituitary disorders

The pituitary is a small gland located at the base of the skull. It makes hormones that control growth and other body functions including body temperature regulation, urine production and some sexual function. If this gland is producing too much or too little of a hormone, the rest of the body can become out of balance and have trouble working properly.

Causes of pituitary disorders

Most often, pituitary disorders are caused by injury to the pituitary gland or a pituitary tumor.

Common treatments for pituitary disorders

Treatment for a pituitary disorder depends on the cause of the disorder. A pituitary tumor might require surgery or radiation treatment, while pituitary injuries might be better addressed with hormone therapy alone.

Adrenal disorders

The adrenal glands are small and located on the top of each kidney. These glands play a role in metabolism, control body characteristics such as masculinization, and help the body handle stress. If the adrenal glands are producing too much of a hormone, masculinization can occur even in women. If too little hormone is produced, the ovaries or testes might not function properly. In men, sperm production can be impaired.

Causes of adrenal disorders

Some adrenal disorders are caused by the pituitary gland triggering the adrenal glands to produce too much or too little of a hormone. Many adrenal disorders are not serious, but others need more immediate attention.

Common treatments for adrenal disorders

Hormone therapy is the most common treatment for many adrenal disorders.

If you are suffering from unexplained weight gain, high blood pressure, diminished sexual function or increased masculinization, a visit with Novant Health Endocrinology and Thyroid could help you determine the cause and develop a suitable treatment plan.

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